University of Delaware - College of Engineering

Pei C. Chiu

Ph.D, Stanford University


Office: 468 ISE Lab
Phone: (302) 831-3104
Fax: (302) 831-3640
Curriculum Vitae:  view
Web Page:

[ Short Bio | Education | Awards | Patents | Select Publications | Courses ]

Short Bio

Research Interests:
Kinetics and mechanisms of contaminant degradation; chemical and microbial transformation processes; zero-valent iron technologies for groundwater remediation and drinking water treatment


1996: Ph.D, Stanford University
1990: Master, Stanford University
1987: Bachelor, National Taiwan University

Honors and Awards

Fellow: Institute for Transforming Undergraduate Education, University of Delaware
Excellence in Teaching Award: College of Engineering, University of Delaware, 2003
Biosolids Research Award, Vivendi Water/US Filter: August, 2001
NSF CAREER Award: National Science Foundation, 2000


Kim, B. J., Oh, S.-Y., Chiu, P. C., Cha, D. K., "System for Destroying Hazardous Waste Resultant from the Production of Energetics such as Explosives," U.S. Patent 7, January 2009.
Cha, D. K., Oh, S.-Y., Chiu, P. C., Kim, B. J., "Process for Treating Waste from the Production of Energetics," U.S. Patent 7, November 2008.
Cha, D. K., Chiu, P. C., Oh, S.-Y., Lee, J.-W., "Process for Treating Refractory Wastewater Using Zero-Valent Iron Treatment and Biodegradation," U.S. Patent 10, June 2007.
Jin, Y., Chiu, P. C., "Removal of Microorganisms and Disinfection Byproduct Precursors Using Elemental Iron or Aluminum," U.S. Patent 2, August 2010.
Yan Jin and Pei C. Chiu, "Removal of Microorganisms and Disinfection Byproduct Precursors Using Elemental Iron or Aluminum," U.S. Patent 8, February 2012.

Select Publications

Oh, S.-Y., Son, J.-G., Hur, S. H., Chung, J. S. and Chiu P. C. (2013) "Black Carbon-Mediated Reduction of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene by Dithiothreitol" Journal of Environmental Quality, in press, doi:10.2134/jeq2012.0411.
Oh, S.-Y., Son, J.-G. and Chiu P. C. (2013) "Biochar-Mediated Reductive Transformation of Nitro Herbicides and Explosives" Environmental Toxicology&Chemistry, 32(3), 501-508.
Shi, C., Wei, J., Jin, Y., Kniel, K. E. and Chiu*, P. C. (2012) "Removal of Viruses and Bacteriophages from Drinking Water Using Zero-Valent Iron" Separation&Purification Technology, 84, 72-78.
Ingram, D. T., Callahan, M. T., Ferguson, S., Hoover, D. G., Chiu, P. C., Shelton, D. R., Millner, P. D., Camp, M. J., Patel, J. R., Kniel, K. E., Sharma, M. (2012) "Use of Zero-Valent Iron Biosand Filters to Reduce Escherichia coli O157:H12 in Irrigation Water Applied to Spinach Plants in a Field Setting" Journal of Applied Microbiology, 112, 551-560.
Oh, S.-Y., Son, J.-G., Lim, O.-T. and Chiu P. C. (2012) "The Role of Black Carbon as a Catalyst for Environmental Redox Transformation" Environmental Geochemistry&Health, 34(1), 105-113.

Phillips, K. L., Sandler, S. I. and Chiu, P. C. (2011) \"A Method to Calculate the One-Electron Reduction Potentials for Nitroaromatic Compounds Based on Gas-Phase Quantum Mechanics.\" Journal of Computational Chemistry, 32(2), 226-239.


Oh, S. Y., Kang, S. G. and Chiu P. C. (2010) \"Degradation of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene by Persulfate Activated with Zero-Valent Iron\" Science of the Total Environment, 408, 3464-3468.


Phillips, K. L., Chiu, P. C. and Sandler, S. I. (2010) \"Reduction Rate Constants for Nitroaromatic Compounds Estimated from Adiabatic Electron Affinities.\" Environmental Science&Technology, 44(19), 7431-7436.


Yazdani, R., Mostafid, M. E., Han, B., Imhoff, P. T., Chiu, P. C.,  Augenstein, D., Kayhanian, M. and Tchobanoglous, G. (2010) \"Quantifying Factors Limiting Aerobic Activity During Aerobic Bioreactor Landfilling\" Environmental Science&Technology, 44(16), 6215-6220.

Oh, S. Y. and Chiu, P. C. (2009) "Graphite- and Soot-Mediated Reduction of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene and Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine" Environmental Science&Technology, 43(18), 6983–6988.
Oh, S. Y., Chiu, P. C. and Cha, D. K. (2008) "Reductive Transformation of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene, Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine, and Nitroglycerin by Pyrite and Magnetite" Journal of Hazardous Materials, 158(2/3), 652-655.
Ye, J. and Chiu, P. C. (2006) "Transport of Atomic Hydrogen through Graphite and Its Reaction with Azoaromatic Compounds." Environmental Science&Technology, 40(12), 3959-3964.
Oh, S. Y., Lee, J., Cha, D. K. and Chiu, P. C. (2006) "Reduction of Acrolein with Elemental Iron: Kinetics, Pathway, and Enhanced Biodegradation" Environmental Science&Technology, 40(8), 2765-2770.
Zhang J., Joslyn, A. and Chiu, P. C. (2006) "1,1-Dichloroethene as the Predominant Intermediate of Microbial Trichloroethene Reduction" Environmental Science&Technology, 40(6), 1830-1836.
Son, A., Lee, J., Chiu, P. C. and Cha, D. K. (2006) "Microbial Reduction of Perchlorate with Zero-Valent Iron." Water Research, 40(10), 2027-2032.
Han, B., Jafarpour, B., Gallagher, V. N., Imhoff, P. T. Chiu, P. C. and Fluman, D. A. (2006) "Measuring Seasonal Variations of Moisture in a Landfill with the Partitioning Gas Tracer Test" Waste Management, 26(4), 344-355.
Saxe, J. R., Lubenow, B. L., Chiu, P. C., Huang, C.-P. and Cha, D. K. (2006) "Enhanced Biodegradation of Azo Dyes Using an Integrated Elemental Iron-Activated Sludge System: I. Evaluation of System Performance" Water Environment Research, 78(1), 19-25.
Oh, S. Y., Chiu, P. C., Kim B. J. and Cha, D. K. (2005) "Zero-Valent Iron Pretreatment for Enhancing the Biodegradability of RDX" Water Research, 39(20), 5027-5032.
You, Y., Han, J., Chiu, P. C. and Jin, Y. (2005) "Removal and Inactivation of Waterborne Viruses Using Zero-Valent Iron" Environmental Science&Technology, 39(23), 9263-9269.
Oh, S. Y., Cha, D. K., Kim, B. J. and Chiu, P. C. (2005) "Transformation of Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), Octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX), and Methylenedinitramine (MDNA) with Elemental Iron" Environmental Toxicology&Chemistry, 24(11), 2812-2819.
Jafarpour, B., Imhoff, P. T. and Chiu, P. C. (2005) "Quantification and Modeling of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene Reduction with High-Purity and Cast Iron" Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 76(1&2), 87-107.
Oh, S. Y., Cha, D. K., Kim B. J. and Chiu, P. C. (2004) "Reduction of Nitroglycerin with Cast Iron: Pathway, Kinetics, and Mechanisms" Environmental Science&Technology, 38(13), 3723-3730.
Dentel, S. K., Strogen, B. and Chiu, P. C. (2004) "Direct Generation of Electricity from Sludges and Other Liquid Wastes" Water Science&Technology, 50(9), 161-168.
Türkmen, M., Dentel, S. K., Chiu, P. C. and Hepner, S. (2004) "Analysis of Sulfur and Nitrogen Odorants Using Solid-Phase Micro-Extraction (SPME) and GC-MS" Water Science&Technology, 50(4), 115-120.
DiFrancesco, A. M., Chiu, P. C., Standley, L. J., Allen, H. E. and Salvito, D. (2004) "Dissipation of Fragrance Materials in Sludge-Amended Soils" Environmental Science&Technology, 38(1), 194-201.
Oh, S. Y., Chiu, P. C., Kim B. J. and Cha, D. K. (2003) "Enhancing Fenton Oxidation of TNT and RDX through Pretreatment with Zero-Valent Iron" Water Research, 37(17), 4275-4283.
Imhoff, P. T., Jakubowitch, A., Briening, M. L. and Chiu, P. C. (2003) "Partitioning Gas Tracer Tests for Measurement of Water in Municipal Solid Waste" J. Air&Waste Manage. Assoc., 53(11), 1391-1400.
Oh, S. Y., Cha, D. K. and Chiu, P. C. (2002) "Graphite-Mediated Reduction of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene with Elemental Iron" Environmental Science&Technology, 36(10), 2178-2184.
Perey, J. R., Chiu, P. C., Huang C. P. and Cha, D. K. (2002) "Zero-valent Iron Pretreatment for Enhancing Biodegradability of Azo Dyes" Water Environment Research, 74(3), 221-225.
Oh, S. Y., Cha, D. K., Kim B. J. and Chiu, P. C. (2002) "Effect of Adsorption to Elemental Iron on the Transformation of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene and Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine in Solution" Environmental Toxicology&Chemistry, 21(7), 1384-1389.
Lampron, K. J., Chiu, P. C. and Cha, D. K. (2001) "Reductive Dehalogenation of Chlorinated Ethenes with Elemental Iron: the Role of Microorganisms" Water Research, 35(13), 3077-3084.
Chiu, P. C. and Lee M. (2001) "2-Bromoethanesulfonate Affected Bacteria in a Trichloroethene-Dechlorinating Culture" Applied&Environmental Microbiology, 67(5), 2371-2374.

Courses Taught

Fall CIEG 367 Environmental Engineering Thermodynamics

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